Office Of Grand Ayatollah Sayyid M.S.Al-Hakeem - Books-How to Pray - Doubts in the Prayers

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  How to perform the daily prayer

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Doubts that can be Remedied and do not Invalidate the Prayers:
 If you have doubts in the number of Rak’ahs you have performed in the noon, afternoon and night prayers, there are a number of circumstances as follows:

Type of Doubt The Ruling
Doubt whether you have performed two or three Rak’ahs, after you have completed the obligatory recitation of the second prostration. You assume that it is your third Rak’ah, and proceed to your fourth Rak’ah. After you have recited the salutations and completed the prayer, you immediately perform one Rak’ah prayer while standing; by reciting the Takbeer, then reciting Suratul-Fatihah only quietly, followed by the bowing and the two prostrations, and the testimonies and the salutations.
Doubt whether you are in your third or fourth Rak’ah, in whatever position you may be in. You assume that it is your fourth Rak’ah. After you have recited the salutations, you perform one Rak’ah prayer while standing, as explained above, or two Rak’ahs prayer while sitting. You recite Suratul-Fatiha only quietly and complete the prayer with testimonies and salutations
Doubt whether you have performed two or four Rak’ahs, after you have completed the obligatory recitation of the second prostration. You assume that you have prayed four Rak’ahs; after you have completed the prayer, you perform two Rak’ahs Prayer while standing.
Doubt whether you have performed two, three or four Rak’ahs, after you have completed the obligatory recitation of the second prostration. You assume that you have prayed four Rak’ahs; after you have completed the prayer, you perform two Rak’ahs prayer while standing and then two Rak’ahs prayer while sitting.
Doubt whether you have performed four or five Rak’ahs, after you have completed the obligatory recitation of the second prostration You assume you have prayed four Rak’ahs. After you have recited the salutations, perform the prostrations of forgetfulness.

Notes:
 
How to Perform the Prostrations of Forgetfulness (Sujdoodul-Sahw)
 

With the intention, you go to the prostration position directly after prayers without Takbeer, and you recite: “Bismillahi wa Billah. Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhan-Nabiyyu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.” Then raise your head from prostration and sit. Then go to prostration again and repeat the same phrase. Then sit up again and recite the testimonies and salutations.

Notes:

1.      Apart from the circumstances outlined above, other doubts in regards to the number of Rak’ahs perform will cause the prayer to be voided.
2.      It is not obligatory to remedy the doubts as explained above. It is permissible to break the prayer and to repeat it again.
3.      Doubts that occur in sunset prayer and prayers of two Rak’ahs, such as morning prayer, in regards to the number of Rak’ahs performed, will cause the prayer to become void.
4.      By doubt we mean that each of the possibilities has equal probability and you cannot decide from them. But if you don’t have such a doubt, and you believe that one option has a greater probability, you should act on this belief.
For example, if you have forgotten whether you are in the first or second Rak’ah, but believe that it is more probable that you in the first Rak’ah, then you should assume that you are in the first Rak’ah.
 
Some Doubts Which Should Be Ignored:
 
1.      Doubts about whether an obligatory part of prayer has been performed or not, and you have moved on to another part whereby you can’t perform the doubted part of prayer. For example, while in prostration you doubt whether you performed the bowing or not.
2.      Doubts about the correctness of the prayer after you have completed it.
3.      Doubts about whether you have performed a prayer or not, after the time of that prayer has passed.
4.      Doubts of those who doubt too much.

  How to perform the daily prayer

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