Introduction to the Pillars of the Religion:
Dear Muslim brother/sister,
Before you learn about how to pray, you are advised to learn about the Pillars of your religion that makes up the correct belief that a human being should have in this life.
They are Five:
Monotheism it is the belief and the acknowledgement of the existence of the Creator of this universe. The belief that he is One, and has no partner in being Creator and Lord and has no partner in being worshipped and that He is not divided into any parts.
Among the evidences of the existence of the Creator is the existence of this great world, the heavens and the earth and the wonders of the creations in them, in addition to the precision and organization. The mind acknowledges that there must be for these creations a great creator and a wise director that does not need a helper in His creation and nor can anyone dispute His directions. Almighty Allah said: “In the creation of the heavens and the earth and (in) the difference of night and day are tokens (of His Sovereignty) for men of understanding” (3:190).
The Almighty also said: “If there were therein gods beside Allah, then verily both (the heavens and the earth) had been disordered” (21:22).
Justice is the belief that the Creator is not oppressive nor does He commit other vices, since whoever does so is deficient and in need. “Lo! Allah, He verily is the Absolute, the Owner of Praise” (22:64). So He is just in His decrees or decisions and does not ask his slaves what they could not afford nor does He punish them for what they have not committed. He rewards the obedient and can punish the disobedient. He said: “Lo! Allah wrongs not mankind in aught; but mankind wrong themselves” (10:44).
This is a divine position and a noble mission that Almighty Allah chose for his perfect righteous slaves, whom Almighty Allah sent to people to convey the message of their Lord, and guide them to their benefits and interests in the world and Hereafter and betterment of humanity to its rightful perfection.
Almighty Allah has sent thousands of prophets throughout history to undertake this noble mission, and the seal of the prophets and the last messenger is our beloved prophet Mohammad (Peace be upon him and his holy family).
A prophet must be free of all imperfections and defects, errors and forgetfulness so as to be worthy of delivering the message of Allah on earth and being an ideal role model for people.
This is a general leadership which Almighty Allah chose for his perfectly righteous slaves, in order to succeed the Prophet in leading the nation, guiding it, defining the laws and making it content.
Therefore, Imamate is then a divine post. It is not proven unless the Imam is named and specified by the Prophet or the preceding Imam. The nation has no right to elect or choose an Imam. Almighty Allah said: “And it becomes not a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His messenger have decided an affair (for them), that they should (after that) claim any say in their affair; and whoso is rebellious to Allah and His messenger, he verily goes astray in error manifest” (33:36).
The Imam must be – like the prophet – free of all imperfections and defects and infallible from errors, forgetfulness and sins.
The imams after the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) are twelve imams. They are:
1. Prince of Believers, Ali bin Abi Talib (peace be upon him).
2. Al-Hassen bin Ali, Al-Mujtaba (peace be upon him).
3. Al-Hussein bin Ali, Master of Martyrs (peace be upon him).
4. Ali bin Al-Hussein, Zainul-Abideen (peace be upon him).
5. Mohammad bin Ali, Al-Baqir (peace be upon him).
6. Jafar bin Mohamad, Al-Sadiq (peace be upon him).
7. Musa bin Jafar, Al-Kadhim (peace be upon him).
8. Ali bin Musa, Al-Ridha (peace be upon him).
9. Mohammad Bin Ali, Al-Jawad (peace be upon him).
10. Ali Bin Mohammad, Al-Hadi (peace be upon him).
11. Al-Hassen bin Ali, Al-Askery (peace be upon him).
12. Mohammad bin Al-Hassen, Al-Mahdi (peace be upon him). He is alive, but he is in occultation. His location is not known, and he is unrecognizable, people could have seen him without realizing who he is. He will emerge at the time of injustice and oppression to fill earth with justice and equity. He was born in year 255 AH. It is not impossible for a man to live a long duration if almighty Allah wants this to happen, like what happened to Noah or Jesus, the son of Mary when almighty Allah raised him up to the heavens or what happened to Khidr. Almighty Allah said: “The Originator of the heavens and the earth! When He decrees a thing, He said unto it only: Be! And it is.” (2:117).
It is the return of the bodies – after almighty Allah has honored them with the grace of existence in this world – with the souls, to be questioned and judged so that the righteous person will be rewarded and the transgressor will be punished and the retribution against the oppressors will take place. This is not a hard thing for Almighty Allah as He is the one who created the creation first; He is then able to give life after death since giving life is easier than creating from non-existence. Almighty Allah said: “And he hath coined for Us a similitude, and hath forgotten the fact of his creation, saying: Who will revive these bones when they have rotted away? Say: He will revive them Who produced them at the first, for He is Knower of every creation” (36:78-79).
The Branches of The religion:
These are the religious laws that cover all aspects of life. A Muslim should learn about the religious laws that concern him/her. Amongst the most important Islamic religious laws after learning about the beliefs are:
7. Enjoining the good.
8. Forbidding the evil.
9. Tawallie – Loving the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) and their friends
10. Tabarri – Disassociating from the enemies of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) and their friends