Office Of Grand Ayatollah Sayyed M.S.Al-Hakeem


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Islamic Religion
Q [1]  Is it allowed for a Muslim to debate and discuss the differences between the schools, or should this be the job of scholars? And if it is allowed, are there any criteria which one should have to engage in these debates? And what is your opinion concerning young Shia Muslims, who engage in these discussions?
A Muslim is expected not to speak in the matters of the Sharia without knowledge or without proof. There is no difference in this issue between the expert scholars and the regular layman. The difference is that the experts can obtain the evidences through their research.
Q [2]  I am becoming more interested in our religion and wish to read more on it, not having much knowledge. What books do you suggest for me?
There are lots of religious book that include religious teachings like Nahjul-Balaghah. Similarly books of narrations are also available like Al-Kafi, which consist of collections of narrations from the Infallibles. We advise you to read what relates to the general aspects of the religious knowledge like ethics, biography of the Prophet and the Imams and the narrations on the superiority of the Ahlul-Bait (peace be upon them) and their high rank. The details of the practical religious laws as explained by the jurists – as they are the experts in this field – are available. You are advised to refer to the treaties of the practical Islamic laws of the jurist that you emulate in order to know the specific rulings.
Q [3]  To convert from being a non-Muslim to a Shia Muslim, what Kalima is to be recited?
One should recite the two testimonies – the testimony of one’s belief that there is no god but Allah, and the testimony that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) is the Messenger of Allah. In addition, one should belief in the guardianship (wilayah) of Imam Ali and the other eleven Imams (peace be upon them).
Q [4]  Is it permissible for a person who is not a mujtahid to teach from books like Usool al-Kafi and Bihar al-Anwar?
It is not permissible to inform about religious issues without knowledge, whether such information is in on religious jurisprudence or beliefs. Yes, it is permissible to search and study the religious sciences and learn about the narrations of the Ahlul-Bait and other related material.
Q [5]  Most scholars say that only Muslims will be rewarded heaven and no non-Muslim will go to heaven because what virtue they did, were awarded accordingly in this world and have therefore No reward in hereafter. What are your views about them?
There is no doubt that Almighty Allah does not accept any religion but Islam. Almighty Allah said:”And whoso seeks as religion other than Islam it will not be accepted from him, and he will be a loser in the Hereafter" 3:35.
Q [6]  I am wondering what happened if someone converts from Islam to Christianity what happened to him? I was born in the west and no one teaches me
Almighty Allah has sent Prophets to mankind to guide people to believe in Him. The last amongst them and their seal is the master of Prophets and Messengers Mohamed, the son of Abdullah (peace be upon him and his holy progeny). Clear evidence to this prophecy is the Holy Quran. It has great qualities that prove its revelation from God.
"And whose seek as religion other than Islam it will not be accepted from him, and he will be a loser in the Hereafter" 3: 85.
Q [7]  What is Irfan? And is it permissible in Islam to practice it, I also believe that Sufis practice Irfan?
It is not right to depend on other than the holy Quran and the authentic narrations of the Prophet and the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) in the religion’s matters including Irfan. There are lots of such narrations that explain the recommended worship acts and the kind of relation a man should have with the almighty Allah. Muslims are encouraged to gain the religious and godly knowledge from these original sources only.
Q [8]  Are Faraedh and Wajebaat one and the same thing or is there some difference between the two?
It has been reported in some of the narrated texts that the Imams of the Ahlulbait explained the term "Faraedah" to refer to what almighty Allah has obligated in the holy Book and the term "wajib" refers to all obligations - in general - including those derived from the narrations of the prophet and the imams (peace be upon them) and those from the Holy Quran.
Q [9]  Are the essential fundamentals of the religion and the Shia sect determined by consensus of present and past Shia scholars?
There is no set criteria in establishing what are amongst the essential fundamentals of the religion. Consensus on an issue is an indication that it is one of the essential fundamentals.
Q [10]  What is Usool Al-Fiqh?
The religious Jurisprudence (Fiqh) is the religious rulings that are derived from the religious sources of proof: the Holy Book and the Sunnah of the Prophet and the Imams (peace be upon them). These ruling were known during the beginning of Islam by direct referral as the Prophet and the Imams (peace be upon them) used to explain them to people in simple and understandable ways. As time passed, and people became farther away from the era of the legislation, views differed in understanding the religious texts and the conclusions they derived from them. Fiqh changed from being simple and understandable by the lay people to a specific field of knowledge that required experience to determine the religious rulings. From such a development, the Principles of Fiqh were developed and become a separate field. It discusses the general principles that the jurist requires in the process of derivation.
In short, Usool Al-Fiqh is the study of the general rules that the process of derivation depends upon.

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